Maurice Strong, secretary-general of the upcoming Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, described the primary purpose of the summit as "to lay the foundation for a global partnership between developing and more industrialized countries, based on mutual agreements and common interests, to ensure the future of the planet."
Some feel the Bush administration, in contrast, views environmental issues as cannon fodder in the partisan war between the Republicans and Democrats. Bush has threatened to skip the June 1-12 gathering--known formally as the U.N. Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)--unless it produces a treaty the administration feels "serves U.S. interests."
June 5, 1992, will mark the international observance of World Environment Day and is the 20th anniversary of the U.N. Conference on the Human Environment, convened in Sweden in 1972. Since then, however, the health of the planet's environment has been dangerously injured with substantive increases in ozone depletion, global warming, and production of toxic substances.
Leaders from environmental organizations around the world are viewing the Earth Summit as a historic moment when governmental leaders can be challenged to take more effective measures to bring development and industrialization questions in line with the growing worldwide demand that the planet's environment be protected.
The U.S. Citizens Network on UNCED has described the Earth Summit as "a window of opportunity." The Citizens Network is comprised of more than 160 national and grassroots environmental organizations that have bound together to help focus national attention on the significance of UNCED and to hold the U.S. government more accountable on the U.S. role concerning the degradation of the global environment.