The Common Good

Vatican Bank Profits Tumble as Pope Francis Orders an Overhaul

Profits plunged by more than $100 million at the Vatican bank last year after thousands of accounts were shut down in a radical overhaul of the scandal-scarred institution.

The Vatican bank is housed in the Bastion of Nicholas V in Vatican City. Photo courtesy IOR.

Related Reading

Take Action on This Issue

Circle of Protection for a Moral Budget

A pledge by church leaders from diverse theological and political beliefs who have come together to form a Circle of Protection around programs that serve the most vulnerable in our nation and around the world.

In its 2013 annual report released Tuesday, the bank, officially known as the Institute for Religious Works, said its net profit totaled 2.9 million euros ($3.9 million) last year, a dramatic drop from the 86.6 million euros ($117.8 million) it reported in 2012.

The bank said the slump was due to extraordinary expenses, losses related to externally managed investment funds and fluctuations in the price of gold.

Losses included a controversial $20.5 million loan granted to a production company owned by a friend of Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, the former Vatican secretary of state who has faced criticism for mismanagement as the church’s No. 2 official under retired Pope Benedict XVI.

The number of bank customers dropped from 18,900 in 2012 to 17,419 last year and has continued to fall this year. Around 3,000 accounts were closed, including 2,600 that were considered dormant.

In recent years, the bank has faced increasing pressure from European officials and the Bank of Italy to shed its reputation as an offshore haven and to adopt international guidelines designed to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing.

The bank said it has stepped up transparency and moved to restrict account access to Catholic institutions and clerics, Vatican employees, and embassies and diplomats accredited to the Holy See in a bid to tighten control.

“I repeatedly said that I would proceed with zero tolerance for any suspicious activity,” bank President Ernst von Freyberg said in a statement. “We have carried out our reforms in this spirit.”

The bank released the new figures amid speculation that its board will be restructured and von Freyberg will be replaced on Wednesday. French businessman Jean-Baptiste de Franssu is expected to succeed von Freyberg; both men are due to attend a news conference with the Vatican’s economic overseer, Australian Cardinal George Pell.

“This is a time of major change in the Holy See, not only for the [bank]. With the support of the Holy Father and the Council of Cardinals, we are creating simpler, more efficient structures for those serving the mission of the Catholic Church,” Pell said.

Josephine McKenna writes for Religion News Service. Via RNS.

Image: The Vatican bank is housed in the Bastion of Nicholas V in Vatican City. Photo courtesy IOR.

Sojourners relies on the support of readers like you to sustain our message and ministry.

Related Stories


Like what you're reading? Get Sojourners E-Mail updates!

Sojourners Comment Community Covenant

I will express myself with civility, courtesy, and respect for every member of the Sojourners online community, especially toward those with whom I disagree, even if I feel disrespected by them. (Romans 12:17-21)

I will express my disagreements with other community members' ideas without insulting, mocking, or slandering them personally. (Matthew 5:22)

I will not exaggerate others' beliefs nor make unfounded prejudicial assumptions based on labels, categories, or stereotypes. I will always extend the benefit of the doubt. (Ephesians 4:29)

I will hold others accountable by clicking "report" on comments that violate these principles, based not on what ideas are expressed but on how they're expressed. (2 Thessalonians 3:13-15)

I understand that comments reported as abusive are reviewed by Sojourners staff and are subject to removal. Repeat offenders will be blocked from making further comments. (Proverbs 18:7)