The Common Good


Sojomail - September 14, 2001

               S P E C I A L   E D I T I O N

           Promoting values at the crossroads where
           spirituality, politics, and culture meet

                 Brought to you by SojoNet
              Publisher of Sojourners magazine


        In response to the tragic terrorist attack on
        the United States, we are sending out special
        editions of SojoMail this week.


++++++++++++++++++++ 14-September-2001 ++++++++++++++++++++

 Q u o t e   o f   t h e   W e e k
     *Neither certitude nor peace....

 H e a r t s   &   M i n d s
     *Religious leaders speak out

 B a t t e r i e s   N o t   I n c l u d e d
     *Laying down a sacrifice bunt

 S o u l   W o r k s
     *Being spiritually grounded

 P. O. V.
     *Dalia Lama's open letter to President Bush

 B y   t h e   N u m b e r s
     *"Vengeance is mine," sayeth the public

 F a i t h   a n d   P o l i t i c s
     *If not war, then what?

 P o l i t i c a l l y   C o n n e c t
     *Oasis in an editorial desert

 B o o m e r a n g
     *SojoMail readers hit reply...with passion!


Q u o t e  o f  t h e  Day

Ah, love, let us be true
To one another! for the world, which seems
To lie before us like a land of dreams,
So various, so beautiful, so new,
Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light,
Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;
And we are here as on a darkling plain
Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight,
Where ignorant armies clash by night.

                - Matthew Arnold in his
                  poem "Dover Beach"


H e a r t s   &   M i n d s
A Religious Response to Terrorism

by Jim Wallis

Since Thursday's SojoMail, we have had a continued 
strong response of religious leaders asking to 
sign the statement of response to terrorism. We're 
running the statement again, with the list of 
signatories as of this afternoon. Please feel 
free to use this statement is whatever ways you can.


We, American religious leaders, share the broken 
hearts of our fellow citizens. The worst terrorist 
attack in history that assaulted New York City, 
Washington, D.C., and Pennsylvania, has been felt 
in every American community.  Each life lost was of 
unique and sacred value in the eyes of God, and the 
connections Americans feel to those lives run very 
deep.  In the face of such a cruel catastrophe, it 
is a time to look to God and to each other for the 
strength we need and the response we will make. We 
must dig deep to the roots of our faith for 
sustenance, solace, and wisdom.

First, we must find a word of consolation for the 
untold pain and suffering of our people. Our 
congregations will offer their practical and pastoral 
resources to bind up the wounds of the nation. We can 
become safe places to weep and secure places to begin 
rebuilding our shattered lives and communities. Our 
houses of worship should become public arenas for 
common prayer, community discussion, eventual healing, 
and forgiveness.

Second, we offer a word of sober restraint as our 
nation discerns what its response will be. We share 
the deep anger toward those who so callously and 
massively destroy innocent lives, no matter what 
the grievances or injustices invoked. In the name 
of God, we too demand that those responsible for 
these utterly evil acts be found and brought to 
justice.  Those culpable must not escape 
accountability.  But we must not, out of anger 
and vengeance, indiscriminately retaliate in ways 
that bring on even more loss of innocent life. 
We pray that President Bush and members of Congress 
will seek the wisdom of God as they decide upon 
the appropriate response.
Third, we face deep and profound questions of 
what this attack on America will do to us as a 
nation. The terrorists have offered us a stark 
view of the world they would create, where the 
remedy to every human grievance and injustice 
is a resort to the random and cowardly violence 
of revenge - even against the most innocent. 
Having taken thousands of our lives, attacked 
our national symbols, forced our political 
leaders to flee their chambers of governance, 
disrupted our work and families, and struck 
fear into the hearts of our children, the 
terrorists must feel victorious. 

But we can deny them their victory by refusing to 
submit to a world created in their image. 
Terrorism inflicts not only death and destruction 
but also emotional oppression to further its aims. 
We must not allow this terror to drive us away from 
being the people God has called us to be. We assert 
the vision of community, tolerance, compassion, 
justice, and the sacredness of human life, which 
lies at the heart of all our religious traditions. 
America must be a safe place for all our citizens 
in all their diversity. It is especially important 
that our citizens who share national origins, 
ethnicity, or religion with whoever attacked us are, 
themselves, protected among us.

Our American illusion of invulnerability has been 
shattered.  From now on, we will look at the world 
in a different way, and this attack on our life as 
a nation will become a test of our national 
character. Let us make the right choices in this 
crisis - to pray, act, and unite against the bitter 
fruits of division, hatred, and violence. Let us 
rededicate ourselves to global peace, human dignity, 
and the eradication of injustice that breeds rage 
and vengeance.

As we gather in our houses of worship, let us 
begin a process of seeking the healing and grace 
of God.

Initiating Signers:

Rev. Jim Wallis, Call to Renewal and Sojourners
Rev. Wesley Granberg-Michaelson, Reformed Church 
of America
Rabbi David Saperstein, Religious Action Center 
of Reform Judaism
Dr. Bob Edgar, National Council of Churches
Dr. Ron Sider, Evangelicals for Social Action

A complete list of endorsements up to this time 
is included at the end of SojoMail, below, and 
a regularly updated list can be found at

                RESPONDING IN FAITH

For resources, reasoned responses and statements
by churches, organizations and individuals, visit
SojoNet's crisis response page at:


B a t t e r i e s   N o t   I n c l u d e d
Laying down a sacrifice bunt

by David Batstone

Let me join the chorus of people applauding major
league baseball and the NFL for canceling its
full slate of games through the weekend. The
financial losses they will sustain are no small
potatoes, which is all the more reason to pass
along the kudos. Frankly, the majority of
Americans are not yet ready to hoot and holler
as one - or two, actually - in a stadium. Folks
have made their preference known in clear terms -
they want a bit more time to grieve and remember.

I have a few activities in mind you might want to
consider this weekend:

*Limit your absorption of TV news to half hour
in the morning, half hour in the evening. The
content doesn't change that much anyway, and it
only leaves you feeling despondent and helpless.

*Find a piece of soil where you can plant a tree,
a bush, a flower, a seed. Make sure you dig your
hands into the soil while doing so. You've seen
too much destruction this week. Participate in
giving life.

*Get out and do something active with your loved
ones. Hike in your favorite woods, coast, or
mountains. Row, row, row your boat. Sail on the
ocean blue. Play baseball catch with your daughter
or son. Get lost in a rambunctious game of hide-and-
go seek. At some point, fall over on your back in
freshly cut grass and don't move.

*For fifteen minutes, once in the morning and
once in the evening, sit quietly and
empty yourself of all the noises and images
that cluttered your psyche this week. Be still
with God. 

*Even if you have stopped attending a synagogue,
mosque, or church, join with a religious community
this weekend to pour out your fears and concerns
for the world.

*Hold at least two people and let them know they
are not alone.

In short, dance, then, wherever you may be.




S o u l   W o r k s
Being spiritually grounded

People are often unreasonable, illogical, and self-
centered; forgive them anyway.

If you are kind, people may accuse you of selfish,
ulterior motives; be kind anyway.

If you are successful, you will win some false friends
and some true enemies; succeed anyway.

If you are honest and frank, people may cheat you;
be honest and frank anyway.

What you spend years building, someone could destroy
overnight; build anyway.

If you find serenity and happiness, they may be jealous;
be happy anyway.

The good you do today, people will often forget tomorrow;
do good anyway.

Give the world the best you have, and it may never be
enough; give the world the best you've got anyway.

You see, in the final analysis, it is between you and God;
It was never between you and them anyway.

                            - Mother Teresa


P. O. V.
Dalai Lama's open letter to President Bush

Dear President Bush:

I am deeply shocked by the terrorist attacks that
took place involving four apparently hijacked
aircrafts and the immense devastation these caused.
It is a terrible tragedy that so many innocent
lives have been lost and it seems unbelievable
that anyone would choose to target the World
Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon
in Washington, D.C. We are deeply saddened.

On behalf of the Tibetan people I would like to
convey our deepest condolence and solidarity with
the American people during this painful time.
Our prayers go out to the many who have lost their
lives, those who have been injured and the many
more who have been traumatized by this senseless
act of violence. I am attending a special prayer
for the United States and its people at our main
temple today.

I am confident that the United States as a great
and powerful nation will be able to overcome this
present tragedy. The American people have shown
their resilience, courage and determination when
faced with such difficult and sad situations.

It may seem presumptuous on my part, but I
personally believe we need to think seriously
whether a violent reaction is the right thing to
do and in the greater interest of the nation and
the people in the long run. I believe violence
will only increase the cycle of violence. But
how do we deal with hatred and anger which are
often the root causes of such senseless violence?
This is a very difficult question, especially
when it concerns a nation and we have certain
fixed conceptions of how to deal with such
attacks. I am sure you will make the right


B y   t h e   N u m b e r s
"Vengeance is mine," sayeth the public

*Will attacks result in America going to war?
    Yes  57%      No 28%

*Should the U.S. retaliate even if innocent people are killed?

    Yes  66%      No 20%

*Source: CBS News poll, September 11, 2001


F a i t h   a n d   P o l i t i c s
If Not War, Then What?

By Rabbi Arthur Waskow

Without some sense of practical direction, "Don't 
go to war" becomes merely rhetoric of niceness.

So -- leaving aside for a moment the practicalities of 
the rest of what in fact it would mean to dry up the 
pools of despair in which terrorism breeds -- my 
suggestion is that the US do something like this: 

Lay out the evidence to the world. Demand from the nation(s) 
where the accused live their extradition for trial, maybe 
including the possibility of trial by US law in another 
country (like the Lockerbie case). If that's refused, go 
to the UN Security Council and treat the UNSC as a grand 
jury, providing it with the evidence and requesting its 
authority to arrest those charged by using armed force, 
if necessary. 

Under the present circumstances, it seems extremely likely 
the UNSC permission would come. That is exactly the way the 
UN Charter was designed: When there is ethical agreement 
among those who around the world hold great political power, 
then force can be used. Given the imperfections of human 
society, it is not a bad way to go.  

For the full text of Rabbi Waskow's proposal, and an 
opportunity to respond in an online forum, go to:

P o l i t i c a l l y   C o n n e c t
Oases in an editorial desert

With the hawks dominating the editorial pages, here
are a few examples of analysis to provoke thoughtful
action instead of reflexive retaliation.

Don't let our values be a casualty, too
By Helena Cobban

What does retaliation mean in a media war?
By John Rieger

For the arrogance of power America now pays a terrible price
By Jonathan Power

International Crime, Not War
By Tom Barry and Martha Honey

The War Comes Home 
By Rahul Mahajan

A World Out of Touch With Itself
By Rabbi Michael Lerner

Our War With the "Other"
By Sharif M. Abdullah

Death, Downtown 
By Michael Moore

A Nonviolent Response
By John K. Stoner


B o o m e r a n g

Michael Chin of San Francisco, California wrote:

Re: David Batstone's column "Are you all right?"

I hear what you're saying. It's hard though. I
find myself getting really angry, wanting to do
something, wanting revenge. I know I should know
better, but I can hardly bear the thought of what
has happened. We talk about peace...but, what can
you say to people who take civilian lives in that
manner? How do you reason with that? This is one
of those moments that will define us as people.


SojoMail reader John Dellapa wrote:

I am astonished at the substance and tone of the
latest issue. After the quotation a baseless slander
directed at our country's leadership, readers
are treated to a series of calls for reconciliation
and self-recrimination.

What, exactly, justifies the atrocity committed this
week? The fact that the poor or oppressed exist in
the world gives them the right to kill those that
they envy? Exactly what are we to reconcile with?
People who, unprovoked, intentionally kill thousands
of innocent civilians? Do you not know evil when
you see it?

Although the US, like all human institutions, is
imperfect, no nation has been a greater force for
freedom in the world - and before the cynics can
legitimately suggest otherwise, they must provide
a better example. Sojourners, of all organizations,
should understand the close connection between
political and spiritual freedom. Recall that the
significance of  Jesus' admonition to "render unto
Ceasar that which is Ceasar's and unto God that which
is God's" is in recognizing that state power is
legitimate, but the spirit is free. Those who committed
last Tuesday's acts would deny that freedom.

It is that ideal and example that the United States
represents that is under attack, and we have a moral
obligation to defend it, with reason if possible, with
force if not. Shame on you for abdicating that


Paul Graham of Chicago, Illinois wrote:

All of this is too large for me to fully fathom
right now, but I am prayerful.  How we as a nation
react in the aftermath of this horrible tragedy will
be a test of our very humanity. I pray that our
national leaders do not react only in vengeful
violence. Violence is a vicious cycle, an end game
with no end. How many recruits to terrorist cells
came out of Clinton's bombing? Violence will only
beget more violence. Justice must be done, but I
pray that we do not become as hate-filled as those
who perpetrated these horrible acts. I pray that
those responsible be held accountable before an
international court of law. I pray that we do not
lash out in hatred to our Muslim brothers and sisters
in America. I pray that in this time of crisis we can
see the image of God in each other, including those
terrorists who harmed us. It is a lost, broken, and
hateful image, but we know what hate can do -
now let us see what love can do.


Gerry Johnson of Herndon, Virginia wrote:

I grew up with the understanding that when someone hit
me or hurt me  that regardless of how innocent I was,
there was probably something I could have done to
prevent it from happening.

With all the talk of retribution and military action
for this grave injustice, I just have one question:
What have we done - as a nation - to make other people
hate our innocent people so much to inflict this
tragedy on us? These criminals know we will respond.
They know they will die. But their sense of United
State's injustice and unfairness is so strong that
it lead to orchestrating this tragedy.

I am not in the least supporting their action. I am
just suggesting the way to insure that this doesn't
happen again is not by military retaliation but by
listening to their issues with us and working
globally for peace together.


Stewart Lane of Limbe, Malawi wrote:

Please forgive me, but whilst I agree with every
word of your statement, it rings hollow without
any mention of the acts of cultural, economic and
military aggression by the US worldwide for which
the present attacks are revenge. How many innocent
people have suffered and died in Iraq, ex-
Yugoslavia, Ethiopia because of American attacks?
How many third world people are suffering and dying
because of America's predatory economic policies
as expressed by the WTO, IMF, World Bank, etc.?
How many tribal people have descended into apathy
and alcoholism because of American determination
to supplant their cultures with its culture?

However wrongly, there are many people worldwide
rejoicing that their enemy, a world bully and
predator, has been injured. Can a country that
has bombed 23 other countries in the past 50
years REALLY be "peace-loving"? Can a country
that is using bribery and intimidation to force
its values and political system on the world
REALLY be dedicated to "freedom"?

ALL people involved in the different kinds of
violence of the modern world, not just those
involved in "terrorism", need to be called
to repentance. ALL those in the world guilty
of international criminal acts, not just
terrorists, need to be brought to account.

Sojourners is diminished by its chauvinistic
stance, no matter how understandable it may be
in the shock of the moment.


Geoffrey D Scott of the Adelaide Central Mission,
Australia wrote:

Thank you for SojoMail and the thoughts expressed
in it. Many of us feel your pain and share your
hopes. We understand the outrage of American
citizens but hope the the American people and
your political leaders will not be seduced by a
desire for vengeance. Our prayers are with you that
those who suffer may be consoled and those who lead
will do so with wisdom.


McNair Wilson of Oakland, California wrote:

Re. Jim Wallis' column on the World Trade Center:
Had you been around on 7 December 1941 might you
have written a similar response then as your opine
on the World Trade Center attacks? "In the name
of God, we too demand that those responsible for
these utterly evil acts be found and brought to
justice...We pray that President (Roosevelt) and
members of Congress will seek the wisdom of God
as they decide upon the appropriate response"...
to the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The men who drove a van-load of explosives into
the parking structure beneath the World Trade Center
were "brought to justice." Some are now in jail and
another was to be given an "appropriate" sentence
on Wednesday, 12 September 2001, but on Tuesday,
11 September someone flew two planes into those same
buildings and destroyed them. I'm not clear just what
sort of solution "brought to justice" is for terrorists
who kill tens of thousands of citizens and still did
not fully accomplish all their goals. Maybe they just
need a big "time out."

I loath violence, but I am at a loss as to what you
are proposing be done in response to the atrocities
in New York and Washington, D.C. Yon don't spank a
snake, you cut off its head.


Boomerang is an open forum for all kinds of
views. Want to make your voice heard? Send
Boomerang e-mails to the editor:


or join an online forum on these recent events at:

Endorsers of "Deny Them Their Victory: A Religious 
Response to Terrorism" as of 9/14/01.

(Endorsements are personal, organizations listed for 
identification only.)

Thomas J. Allio, Sr., Director, Diocesan Social 
Action Office, Cleveland, OH. David Alexander, Taiwan 
Church News, Reformed Church in America Missionary. 
Dr. Philip A. Amerson, President, The Claremont 
School of Theology. The Rev. Tom Andrews, Holy 
Trinity Episcopal Church, Bowie, MD. Rev. H. George 
Anderson, Presiding Bishop, Evangelical Lutheran 
Church in America. Rev. Scott D. Anderson, Executive 
Director, California Council of Churches. Bishop 
Vinton R. Anderson, Presiding Bishop, Second 
Episcopal District, African Methodist Episcopal 
Church, former President, World Council of Churches. 
Alexis Aquaviva. Rev. A. David Argo, St. Paul's 
United Methodist Church, Kensington, MD. Rev. 
Steven Baines, Senior Organizer for Religious Affairs, 
People For the American Way. Gary Baldridge, 
Co-coordinator, Global Missions, Cooperative Baptist 
Fellowship, Atlanta, GA. Rev. David A. Barber, Pastor, 
First Congregational Church, United Church of Christ, 
Fort Worth, TX. Bob Barnhart, Associate Director, 
CWSW/CROP, Lansing, MI. Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, 
Assisting Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Washington. 
Dr. Manfred T. Brauch, Maxwell Professor of Biblical 
Theology, Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary. 
Sister Miriam Bauerlin, OSF. Dr. Maxine Clark Beach, 
Vice President and Dean, Drew Theological School. 
Dr. David Beckmann, President, Bread for the World. 
Bruce Birchard, General Secretary, Friends General 
Conference. Sandra Bly, Portland, OR. Joshua 
Boettiger, Reconstructionist Rabbinical College. 
Rev. Peter Borgdorff, Executive Director of 
Ministries, Christian Reformed Church. Chuck 
Boyer, Church of the Brethren, LaVerne, CA. Rev. 
Jeffrey L. Brown, Pastor, Union Baptist Church, 
Cambridge MA, Co-Founder, Ten Point Coalition. 
Rev. Mary Lou Bowen, Executive Director, New York 
State Community of Churches. Commissioner John 
Busby, National Commander, Salvation Army. Rev. 
Geneva M. Butz, Old First Reformed Church, United 
Church of Christ, Philadelphia, PA. Sally Buxton. 
Rev. Sandra Cain, Downtown United Presbyterian Church, 
Rochester, NY. Dr. Mas'ood Cajee, Muslim Peace 
Fellowship USA. Rev. Dr. Joan Brown Campbell, 
Director, Department of Religion, Chautauqua 
Institution. Charles Cappleman, Sr. Vice President, 
West Coast Operations, CBS Corporation. The Rev. 
Eliezer Valentin-Castañon, The United Methodist 
Church, General Board of Church and Society. The 
Rev. Jonathan Chute, Rolling Hills United 
Methodist Church, California. Rev. Dr. Emmanuel 
Clapsis, Associate Professor of Systematic 
Theology, Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of 
Theology, WCC Decade to Overcome Violence 
Reference Group Member. Rev. Canice Connors, 
OFM Conv., President, Conference of Major 
Superiors of Men. The Rev. James W. Crawford, 
Senior Minister, The Old South Church in Boston. 
Janet Chisholm, Interim Co-Director, Fellowship 
of Reconciliation. Former Congressman Jon L. 
Christensen. Rev. Cynthia Crowner, Director of 
Kirkridge Retreat Center, Bangor, PA. Rev. Dennis 
M. Davidson, Unitarian Universalist Peace 
Fellowship. The Rev. Dr. Susan E. Davies, 
Faith and Order Commission, NCCCUSA; Bangor 
Theological Seminary. Rev. Clarence W. Davis, 
Pastor, Martin Luther King, Jr. Christian 
Church, Reston VA. The Rev. Dr. Tim Dearborn, 
Seattle Pacific University. Richard Deats, 
Interim Co-Director, Fellowship of Reconciliation. 
Murray W. Dempster, President and Professor of 
Social Ethics, Vanguard University of Southern 
California. Mary Ellen Denio, Church Women United, 
Rochester. Marie Dennis, Director, Maryknoll Office 
for Global Concerns; Vice-president, Pax Christi 
International. Rev. N. Adiel A. DePano, St. Paul's 
United Methodist Church, Oxnard, CA. Rev. Dr. Walter 
C. Dilg, Jr., Senior Pastor, First United Methodist 
Church, Ventura, CA. Rev. Dan Dixson, Coordinator 
of Pastoral Care, Community Medical Center, Missoula, 
MT. John Taroanui Doom, former World Council of 
Churches Secretary for the Pacific. Rev. Boyd Drake, 
United Church of Canada, Rapid City and Area Pastoral 
Charge. Marj and Jorie Dugan, Philadelphia. Christian 
and Ralph Dull, National Council Fellowship of 
Reconciliation, Englewood, OH. Dr. Bob Edgar, General 
Secretary, National Council of the Churches of Christ 
in the USA. Patricia Taylor Edmisten, Pensacola, FL. 
Rabbi Lawrence Edwards, Associate National Director 
of Interreligious Affairs, American Jewish Committee. 
Rev. Bruce Epperly, Ph.D., Director, Washington Institute 
for Spirituality and Health. Rev. Kate Epperly, D. Min., 
Pastor, Palisades Community Church, Washington, DC; 
International Council of Community of Churches. Bishop 
Christopher Epting, Deputy for Ecumenical and Interfaith 
Relations, The Episcopal Church. Linda M. Ervin, 
Japan North America Commission on Cooperative Mission. 
Rev. John Fanestil, Senior Pastor, Anaheim United 
Methodist Church, Anaheim, CA. Rev. Patricia Adams Farmer, 
Pastor, Orangethorpe Christian Church, Fullerton, CA. 
Mary Jo Fernandez. Rev. Diane R. Fleming, Community of 
Faith Church, Ann Arbor, MI. Rev. Thomas A. Fleming, 
Community of Faith Church, Saline, MI. Pam Folkers, 
Church World Service, Michigan. Rabbi Steven Foster, 
Congregation Emanuel, Denver, CO. Dr. Robert Franklin, 
President, Interdenominational Theological Center, 
Atlanta, GA. Joe Franko, American Friends Service 
Committee, Pacific Southwest Region, Pasadena, CA. Rev. 
John L. Freesemann, Holy Redeemer Lutheran Church, San 
Jose, CA. Rev. Dr. C. Welton Gaddy,  Executive Director, 
The Interfaith Alliance. The Rev. Dr. Thomas J. Gallen, 
Executive Director, Preacher's Aid Society of New 
England. Rev. Canon Charles P. Gibbs, Executive 
Director, United Religions Initiative, San Francisco. 
Beth Glick-Rieman, Director, Human Empowerment in 
Religion and Society, Spring Valley, CA. Paul Gorman, 
National Religious Partnership for the Environment. 
Rev. Carolyn N. Graham, Deputy Mayor for Children, 
Youth & Families, District of Columbia, Washington, 
DC. The Rev. Wesley Granberg-Michaelson, Reformed 
Church of America. Rev. C. Franklin Granger, Minister 
of Education, First Baptist Church, Athens, GA. 
Gloria Guard, People's Emergency Center, Philadelphia. 
Dr. David P. Gushee, Graves Associate Professor of 
Moral Philosophy, Union University. Christine J. 
Guth. Rev. Dr. Maria Davis Hanlin, Light of Christ 
United Methodist Church, Charlotte, NC. Rev. Patrick 
Cabello Hansel, New Creation Lutheran Church, 
Philadelphia, PA. David Hartsough, San Francisco 
Friends Meeting and Director of Peaceworkers. Rev. 
Gary L. Harke, Executive Director, Pennsylvania 
Council of Churches. Herman Harmelink III, Ecumenical 
Officer, International Council of Community Churches. 
Rev. Mark Henderson, United Methodist Church. Dr. 
David A. Highfield, Westminster United Methodist 
Church, Westminster, MD. Rev. Daphne Hoff, Associate 
Pastor, Calvary Lutheran Church, Mora MN. Marvin D. 
Hoff, Executive Director, Foundation for Theological 
Education. Robert N. Hosack, Senior Acquisitions Editor, 
Baker Book House. Rev. L. Steve Horswill-Johnston, 
Associate General Secretary, United Methodist 
Communications. Dr. Joseph C. Hough, Jr., President, 
Union Theological Seminary, New York. Debbie Hubbard, 
Stewardship Network from the Alberta and Northwest 
Conference, United Church of Canada. Rev. Colleen 
Hurley-Bates. Elenie Huszagh, Esq., Incoming 
President, National Council of the Churches of 
Christ in the USA. Rev. William C. Imes, President, 
Bangor Theological Seminary. Rabbi Steven B. Jacobs, 
Temple Kol Tikvah, Woodland Hills, CA. Thomas H. 
Jeavons, General Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly 
Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). 
The Very Rev. Arthur M. Johnson, SA, Minister 
General, Franciscan Friars of the Atonement, 
Graymoor, NY. Rev. Alan Jones, President, San 
Francisco Interfaith Council, Executive Director, 
San Francisco United Methodist Mission. Rev. Donna 
Lawrence Jones, Pastor, Cookman United Methodist 
Church. Henry and Vi Jones, Trustees, Claremont 
School of Theology, Fullerton, CA. Rev. Dr. Afrie 
Songco Joye, Innovative Short-Term Missionary, 
Faculty, Harris Memorial College. Scott Kennedy, 
Chair, Fellowship of Reconciliation National 
Council. The Rev. Dr. Clifton Kirkpatrick, Stated 
Clerk of the General Assembly, Presbyterian Church 
(USA). Fr. Leonid Kishkovsky, Ecumenical Officer of 
the Orthodox Church in America, Moderator of the 
U.S. Conference of Religions for Peace. Minister 
E. Terri LaVelle, Liscensed Evangelist, Church of 
God in Christ, Program Director, The Faith & 
Politics Institute, Member of Metropolitan Baptist 
Church, Washington, DC. Kathryn A. Lee, Ph.D., 
J.D., Chair, Department of History and Political 
Science, Eastern College. Paul D. Leichty, The 
Goldenrod Community, Middlebury, IN. Rabbi Michael 
 Lerner, Editor, TIKKUN Magazine. Sr. Beth LeValley, 
President, The Greater Rochester Community of 
Churches. Rev. Dr. Eileen W. Lindner, Deputy General 
Secretary for Research and Planning, National 
Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA. 
Rev. James H. Littrell, Episcopal Chaplain, The 
University of Pennsylvania, Rector, The Campus 
Episcopal Church of St. Mary, Philadelphia. Michael 
E. Livingston, International Council of Community 
Churches. The Rev. Ted Loder, former Pastor, 
Germantown United Methodist Church, Philadelphia, 
PA. Rev. Clark Lobenstine, Executive Director, 
Interfaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington. 
Dr. JoAnne Lyon, Executive Director, World Hope 
International, Inc. Jim Mannoia, President, 
Greenville College. The Rev. Dr. Kevin W. Mannoia, 
Former President, National Association of 
Evangelicals. The Rev. Michael A. Mata, 
Professor of Urban Ministry and Director of 
the Urban Leadership Institute at Claremont 
School of Theology. Dennis A. McAndrew, 
President/CEO, Lutheran Service Society of 
Western Pennsylvania. Dr. Kendall K McCabe, 
Academic Dean, United Theological Seminary. 
Retha McCutchen, General Secretary, Friends 
United Meeting. Rev. James L. McDonald, Vice 
President of Policy and Programs, Bread for 
the World. Christie McElhinney, Senior 
Communications Officer, The Colorado Trust. 
Most Rev. Finian McGinn, OFM, Provincial 
Minister, Franciscan Friars St. Barbara 
Province. Bishop George D. McKinney, 
Pentecosta/Charismatic Churches of North 
America. Rev. William McKinney, President, 
Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, CA. 
W. Grant McMurray, President, Community of 
Christ. Jim R., Jr. and Lois McQuaide and 
their children, Kelley, Danielle, Stacy, Allen 
and Katie. Pamela Meidell, Chair, Disarmament Task 
Force, National Council Member, Fellowship of 
Reconciliation. Mary Mikhael, Near East School 
of Theology. Bishop Freeman J. Miller, Mennonite 
Churches of Philadelphia. Marilyn Miller, Director 
of Outreach Ministries, Commission on Home Ministries, 
General Conference Mennonite Church. Rev. Crystal 
Minugh-Brutscher, Ministry of Peace and Justice, 
Riverside United Methodist Church, Elmira, NY. 
Stephen V. Monsma, Professor of Political Science, 
Pepperdine University. David Neff, Executive Editor, 
Christianity Today Magazine. Rev. Sandra Olewine, 
United Methodist Liaison, Jerusalem. Rev. Phil Olson, 
Evangelicals for Social Action, Vice President of 
Church Relations and Director of Network 9:35. Marilyn 
O'Rourke, RN, MSN, Rush University College of Nursing. 
Glenn R. Palmberg, President, The Evangelical Covenant 
Church. Dr. Robert Parham, Executive Director, Baptist 
Center for Ethics, Nashville, TN. Minister Zina C. 
Pierre, Washington Linkage Group, Inc. Dr. Peter J. 
Pizor, Churchwright Institute. Bishop Peter Price, 
Church of England. Kathleen Pruitt, CSJP, President, 
Leadership Conference of Women Religious. Janet E. 
Raffel, J. E. Raffel & Associates, Baltimore, MD. 
The Rev. James Foster Reese, Executive Presbyter of 
the New York City Presbytery, Presbyterian Church 
USA. The Rev. Dr. Sharon Rhodes-Wickett, Westwood 
United Methodist Church. Rev. Schuyler Rhodes, Temple 
United Methodist Church, San Francisco, CA. Rev. Dr. 
Bruce Robbins, General Secretary, General Commission 
on Christian Unity and Interreligious Concerns of 
the United Methodist Church. Rev. Dr. Robert H. 
Roberts, Interim General Secretary, American Baptist 
Churches, USA. Rabbi David Rosen, International 
Director of Interreligious Affairs, The American 
Jewish Committee. The Most Rev. Metropolitan Philip 
Saliba, Primate, Antiochian Orthodox Church 
Archdiocese of North America. Rabbi David Saperstein, 
Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism. Fr. 
Stuart A. Schlegel, Calvary Episcopal Church, Santa 
Cruz, CA. Dr. Edward Schwartz, President, Institute 
for the Study of Civic Values, Philadelphia, PA. Mark 
Seal, Executive Vice President, Jewish 
Reconstructionist Federation. Rev. Luke J. Shank, 
Lititz PA. William and Marina Shaw, Crosscurrents 
International Institute. Rabbi John M. Sherwood, 
Chair of the Oxnard-Port Hueneme and Ventura California 
Ministerial Associations. Rev. Frank Shields, Oregon 
State Senator. Amy Short, Executive Director, 
Brethren/Mennonite Council for Lesbian and Gay 
Concerns. Dr. Ron Sider, Evangelicals for Social 
Action. Jon Singletary, Pastor, Richmond Mennonite 
Fellowship. The Rev. Jennifer Slade, Senior Minister, 
The Greenville Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, 
Greenville, SC. Max L. Stackhouse, Project on Public 
Theology, Princeton Theological Seminary. Mark Flory 
Steury, District Executive Minister, Southern Ohio 
District Church of the Brethren. Rev. Don R. Stevenson, 
Senior Minister, Christ's Reformed Church, United 
Church of Christ, Hagerstown, MD. Rev. Elwood 
Sturtevant, Thomas Jefferson Unitarian Church, 
Louisville KY. Susan M. Swider, Ph.D., R.N., Rush 
University. Dr. Sayyid M Syeed, Secretary General, 
The Islamic Society of North America. Bishop 
Melvin G. Talbert, United Methodist Church. Rev. 
David Tatgenhorst, Pastor, St. Luke United Methodist 
Church, Bryn Mawr, PA. Rev. Candace D. Thomas, Zion
United Church of Christ, Bellevue, OH. Dr. Ronald F. 
Thiemann, Professor of Theology, Harvard University. 
The Rev. John H. Thomas, General Minister and President, 
United Church of Christ. Rev. Robert W. Tiller, 
Director of Government Relations, Bread for the World. 
Tim Tucker, Athens, Alabama. Rev. Leslie Copeland Tune, 
Associate Minister at Metropolitan Baptist Church, 
Washington, DC. Mr. Khalid Turaani, American Muslims 
for Jerusalem. Heidi Rolland Unruh, Associate Director, 
Congregations, Communities and Leadership Development 
Project. The Rev. Lydia Veliko, Minister for Ecumenical 
Relations, United Church of Christ. Rev. Robert Walk, 
Endorsed American Baptist Chaplain serving in 
Philadelphia, PA. Rev. Patrick B. Walker, Executive 
Director, York County Council of Churches. The Rev. 
Jim Wallis, Call to Renewal and Sojourners. Dr. Andrew 
D. Walsh, Assistant Professor of Religion and Philosophy,
 Culver-Stockton College, Canton, MO. Dr. Valora 
Washington, Executive Director, Unitarian Universalist 
Service Committee. Rabbi Arthur Waskow, Director, The 
Shalom Center. David Waugh, Pastor and Director, Metro 
Baptist Church and Rauschenbusch Metro Ministries, New 
York. Dr. Denny Wayman, Free Methodist Church of Santa 
Barbara. Rev. Dr. Robert Welsh, President, Council on 
Christian Church, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). 
The Rev. Doris Arnett Whitaker, Director of Admissions, 
United Theological Seminary. Rev. Faith Whitmore, Senior 
Pastor, St. Mark's United Methodist Church, Sacramento 
CA. Rev. Charles L. Wildman, Senior Pastor, Rock Spring 
Congregational United Church of Christ, Arlington, VA. 
The Rev. Nathan D. Wilson, Executive Director, West 
Virginia Council of Churches. The Rev. Dr. Walter Wink, 
Auburn Theological Seminary. Tobias Winright, Instructor 
of Religion, Simpson College. Loretta C. Witt, 
Philadelphia. Rev. Dr. Bertrice Wood, Vice President, 
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA, 
United Church of Christ. Dr. Richard Wood, President, 
United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia. 
Ambassador Andrew Young, President, National Council 
of the Churches of Christ in the USA. Bishop McKinley 
Young, Presiding Bishop, Tenth District, African 
Methodist Episcopal Church


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